What Is It Called When Software Is Used To Simulate The Hardware Of A Physical Computer? (Correct answer)

system BIOS. Software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer. virtual machine.


What type of software is used to control a computer?

System software controls a computer’s internal functioning, chiefly through an operating system, and also controls such peripherals as monitors, printers, and storage devices.

What products are considered to be hypervisor?

Type 1 hypervisors:

  • VMware ESX and ESXi. These hypervisors offer advanced features and scalability, but require licensing, so the costs are higher.
  • Microsoft Hyper-V.
  • Citrix XenServer.
  • Oracle VM.
  • VMware Workstation/Fusion/Player.
  • VMware Server.
  • Microsoft Virtual PC.
  • Oracle VM VirtualBox.

What is it called when a partition is formatted with a file system and assigned a drive letter Group of answer choices?

When a partition is formatted with a file system and assigned a drive letter it is called a volume. For some brand-name computers, the hard drive contains a partition that can be used to reinstall Windows.

What type of software interact with the hardware?

Operating system (OS) – a software that controls and coordinates the computer hardware devices and runs other software and applications on a computer. It is the main part of system software and a computer will not function without it.

What is the hardware and software of computer?

Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware.

Is hypervisor a software or hardware?

A hypervisor is computer software or hardware that enables you to host multiple virtual machines. Each virtual machine is able to run its own programs. A hypervisor allows you to access several virtual machines that are all working optimally on a single piece of computer hardware.

What type of software is used to control a computer quizlet?

Operating Systems; the most fundamental set of programs on a computer. The operating system controls the internal operations of the computer’s hardware.

What does hardware virtualization do?

Hardware virtualization is an evolving technology that is gaining popularity in server platforms. The basic idea of the technology is to consolidate many small physical servers into one large physical server so that the processor can be used more effectively.

Which type of installation uses an answer file?

An unattended installation is the traditional method of deploying a Windows operating system. Unattended installations use an answer file named Unattend. xml, which contains user input to various GUI dialog boxes that appear during the installation process.

What type of software manages tasks dependencies and timelines?

Project management software can be used in any kind of business where you need to fix up projects together with tasks within those projects. The software helps to split up projects into separate tasks, analyze productivity, create timelines, and communicate between the team members.

What file system supported by Windows can be used for volumes?

To extend a basic volume, it must be formatted with the NTFS file system. You can extend a logical drive within contiguous free space in the extended partition that contains it.

What is a user interface and what is the different between a text user interface and a graphical user interface?

The difference between a TUI and a GUI is: TUI is Textual User Interface that means falls in between the Command Line and Graphical User Interfaces. GUI is Graphical User Interface means, wherein graphical objects such as icons, toolbars, and menus are used to perform an action.

What’s the difference between GUI and CLI?

The notable difference is that GUI users depend on graphical elements such as icons, menus, and windows to interact with the operating system. CLI relies more on text inputs to perform the operating system functions. GUI stands out being a user-friendly option, while CLI is more powerful and advanced.

What does WIMP stand for?

“WIMP” is an interesting bit of computer terminology and lore. It stands for “ windows, icons, menus, pointers,” and denotes that the interaction between computer and user is based not on text (e.g., entering commands such as “c://run:d”) but on graphics.

Hardware Chapter 7 Flashcards – Cram.com

The price for Windows 7 is the same regardless of the edition and type of license you purchase.t or f
The OEM version of Windows 7 can only be installed on a new PC for resale.t or f
A computer must have a DVD drive in order to install Windows 7.t or f
When a partition is formatted with a file system and assigned a drive letter it is called a volume.t or f
An upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7 carries applications and user settings forward into the new installation.t or f
Which Windows 7 edition is intended for business users and allows you to purchase multiple site licenses?
Which type of OS should you install for best performance when you have enough RAM?
What is it called when software is used to simulate the hardware of a physical computer?
A _ boot allows you to install the new OS without disturbing the old one so you can boot to either OS.
What type of installation should you perform if you want to install a 64-bit version of Windows on a computer that already has a 32-bit OS installed?
What is the name of the directory database that controls access to a Windows Server domain?
Where should a user disable virus protection settings that might prevent the boot area of the hard drive from being altered?
Which network location option means that Network Discovery is turned off and you cannot join a homegroup or domain?
For some brand-name computers, the hard drive contains a _ partition that can be used to reinstall Windows.
The _ is used to change motherboard settings, finds a boot device, and contains instructions for running essential hardware before an OS is started.
In a Windows domain, where is the centralized database kept?
In a Windows _, each computer maintains a list of users and their rights on that particular computer.
A Windows domain is a type of _ network, which is a network where resources are managed by a centralized computer.
Which of the following is used to uniquely identify a computer on a network?
What important information is needed if you are installing an OEM version of Windows 7?
After installation, how many days do you have to activate Windows 7?
Which of the following features are available in Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Edition? (Choose all that apply.)1. backup to network 2. scheduled backups3. Windows Media Center4. join a domain 2. scheduled backupsWindows Media Center
Which of the following Windows 7 64-bit version editions could be installed on a computer that has 16 GB of RAM? (Choose all that apply.)1. win 7 pro2. win 7 starter3. win 7 home basic4. win 7 hoem premium
Which of the following are valid in-place upgrade paths for a computer that has Windows 7 Starter edition on it? (Choose all that apply.)1. win 7 home premium 2. enterprise3. pro4. ultimate home premiumproultimate
Which of the following commands are used by the USMT software? (Choose all that apply.)1. imagecopy2. scanstate3. loadstate4. imagestate
The simplest way to find out if a system can be upgraded to Windows 7 is to download, install, and run the _.
A(n)_ boot allows you to install the new OS without disturbing the old one so you can boot to either OS.
Windows XP Mode is a Windows XP installation that runs under _.
_ is your primary Windows tool for managing hardware.
The process of copying an entire hard drive to another bootable media device is called _. drive imaging, disk cloning
A network that is managed by each computer without centralized control
Contains instructions for running essential hardware devices before an operating system is started
A network where resources are managed by centralized computers
A server automatically installs a new image or OS upgrade to a computer when a user is not likely to be sitting at it
Software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer
Overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a volume
The directory database used by Windows Server to control resources on a network
A copy of an entire hard drive that includes Windows 7, drivers, and applications that are standard to all the computers that might use that copy
Usedduring an unattended installation
Contains a list of OS commands that are executed as a group

Virtual machine – Wikipedia

A virtual machine (VM) is a computer system that has been virtualized or emulated in order to perform computations. Virtual machines are built on computer architectures and may perform all of the functions of a traditional computer. Their implementations may entail specialized hardware, software, or a mix of the two technologies. Virtual machines are distinguished and structured according to their role, as seen here:

  • System virtual machines (also known as complete virtualizationVMs) are virtual computers that may be used in place of a physical machine. They are responsible for providing the functionality required to run whole operating systems. A hypervisor makes advantage of native execution to share and control hardware, allowing for the creation of numerous environments that are completely separate from one another while nevertheless being on the same physical computer. Rather of using software-assisted virtualization, modern hypervisors employ virtualization-specific hardware, typically drawn from the host CPUs. Process virtual machines are meant to run computer applications in a platform-independent environment
  • They are also known as virtual machines.

Some virtual machine emulators, such as QEMU and video game console emulators, are also designed to emulate (or “virtually imitate”) different system architectures, allowing the execution of software applications and operating systems that were written for a different CPU or architecture to be run on the virtual machine. Virtualization at the operating-system level allows for the partitioning of a computer’s resources through the use of the kernel. The terms are not interchangeable in all circumstances.


As described by Popek and Goldberg, a “virtual machine” is “an efficient, isolated clone of a genuine computer machine that operates at peak performance.” At the moment, virtual machines are being used, which have no direct relationship to any real-world hardware. While the actual, “real-world” hardware that is used to operate the virtual machine is often referred to as “the host,” the virtual machine itself is referred to as “the guest” when it is operating on the host. A host can host several guests, each of which can run on a different operating system and hardware platform than the other guests.

  1. Virtual memory, which was historically before the notion of system virtual machine, might be regarded an extension of the concept of system virtual machine.
  2. At the expense of virtual memory, a system virtual machine granted the user the ability to include privileged instructions in their source code.
  3. In the future, when virtual memory technology advances for the purposes of virtualization, new systems of memory overcommitment may be developed to manage memory sharing among several virtual machines running on a single computer operating system.
  4. This is particularly beneficial for read-only pages, such as those containing code segments, which is the situation when many virtual machines running the same or comparable software, software libraries, web servers, middleware components, and so on are used together in a same environment.
  5. When it comes to embedded systems, the usage of virtual machines to support various guest operating systems is becoming increasingly prevalent.
  6. Another application would be for unique and untested software that is still in the development stage, which would allow it to run in a sandbox.

Other advantages of virtual computers for operating system development may include enhanced debugging access and quicker reboots, among other things. Server consolidation usually involves the use of many virtual machines (VMs) each running their own guest operating system.

Process virtual machines

Often referred to as an application virtual machine or Managed Runtime Environment (MRE), a process virtual machine operates as a normal program within a host operating system and can serve a single process. It is formed when the process is initiated and deleted when the process is terminated. In order to offer a platform-independent programming environment, which abstracts away features of the underlying hardware or operating system, it is necessary to ensure that a program executes in the same way on all platforms (including mobile devices).

  1. Process virtual machines (VMs) are implemented via the use of an interpreter; performance equivalent to that of compiled programming languages may be reached with the use of just-in-time compilation (JIT compilation).
  2. Other examples include theParrot virtual machine and the.NET Framework, which both operate on a virtual machine known as theCommon Language Runtime (also known as CLR).
  3. Process virtual machines (VMs) are a subset of virtual machines that abstract over the communication mechanisms of a computer cluster (which may be heterogeneous).
  4. Concurrent application frameworks are intended to make the effort of developing concurrent applications easier by allowing programmers to concentrate on algorithms rather than the communication channels supplied by the interconnect and the operating system.
  5. These systems, in contrast to other process virtual machines, do not provide a distinct programming language, but rather are embedded in an existing programming language; generally, such a system provides bindings for numerous programming languages (e.g.,CandFortran).
  6. They are not truly virtual machines because the programs running on top of them continue to have access to all operating system functions and are thus not restricted to the system model as is the case with virtual machines.
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It was in the 1960s when system virtual machines and process virtual machines were first introduced, and they are still actively being developed today. In time-sharing systems, such as theCompatible Time-Sharing System, system virtual machines arose as a result of time-sharing (CTSS). In the case of time-sharing, multiple users could access a computer at the same time: while each program appeared to have full access to the machine, only one program was actually running at any given time, with the system switching between programs in time slices, saving and restoring state between each session.

  • The CP-67 /CMS was the first widely accessible virtual machine architecture (seeHistory of the CP/CMS for further information on this).
  • Emulators, which include hardware emulation of prior systems for backward compatibility, have been around since the IBM System/360 in 1963, although software emulation (then known as “simulation”) has been around much longer.
  • The O-code machine, which was introduced in 1966 and is a virtual machine that runs O-code (object code) generated by the front end of the BCPL compiler, was one such example.
  • Similar to the Eulerlanguage, the P intermediate language was employed in the Eulerlanguage, and it was named P.
  • Pascal made this popular in the early 1970s, particularly in thePascal-Psystem (1973) and thePascal-Scompiler (1975), in which it was referred to as ap-code and the resultant machine as an ap-code machine, respectively.
  • Furthermore, in addition to serving as an intermediate language, Pascal p-code may also be run directly by an interpreter implementing the virtual machine, as demonstrated by UCSD Pascal (1978), which had an impact on following interpreters, such as the Java virtual machine (JVM).
  • However, because macros have gone out of favor in recent years, this technique has been less relevant.
  • There have been significant advancements in the implementation of Smalltalk -80, notably in the Deutsch/Schiffmann implementation, which has pushed just-in-time (JIT) compilation ahead as an implementation strategy that makes use of the process virtual machine (PVM).
  • A similar language, the Selfprogramming language, was responsible for a great deal of virtual machine innovation.
  • In 1999, the HotSpotJava virtual machine, which used these ideas, proved to be a commercial success.

OpenJ9 is a Java virtual machine (JVM) that competes with the HotSpot JVM in the OpenJDK. It is an open source eclipse project that claims to be faster to boot and consume fewer resources than HotSpot.

Full virtualization

It was in the 1960s when system virtual machines and process virtual machines were first introduced, and they are still active research and development fields in 2018. In time-sharing systems, such as theCompatible Time-Sharing System, virtual machines were developed as a result of time-sharing (CTSS). In the case of time-sharing, multiple users could access a computer at the same time: while each program appeared to have full access to the machine, only one program was actually running at a time, with the system switching between programs in time slices, saving and restoring state between each session.

  1. It was the CP-67 /CMS virtual machine architecture that was the first widely accessible virtual machine architecture (seeHistory of CP/CMS for more information).
  2. From the IBM System/360 in 1963, emulators have included hardware emulation of prior systems to ensure compatibility, while software emulation (then known as “simulation”) has existed since the beginning of time.
  3. The O-code machine, which was introduced in 1966 and is a virtual machine that runs O-code (object code) that is generated by the front end of the BCPL compiler, was one such example.
  4. This allowed the compiler to be quickly and simply moved to a different architecture.

Around 1970, Pascal made this popular, particularly in thePascal-Psystem (1973) and thePascal-Scompiler (1975), in which it was referred to asp-code and the resultant machine as a “ap-code machine.” Since then, virtual machines in this sense have gained popularity, with the term “p-code machine” being commonly used to refer to such devices.

One of the earliest examples was SNOBOL4(1967), which was written in the SNOBOL Implementation Language (SIL), an assembly language for a virtual computer, and then targeted to physical machines by transpiling to their native assembler using the amacro assembler.

From one-off implementations such asPyramid 2000 to a general-purpose engine likeInfocom’sz-machine, which Graham Nelson claims is “possibly the most portable virtual machine ever created,” process virtual machines were a popular approach to implementing early microcomputer software, such asTiny BASIC and adventure games.

VisualWorks, the Squeak Virtual Machine, and Strongtalk are examples of later Smalltalk virtual machines.

In 1999, the HotSpotJava virtual computer, which used these ideas, was commercially successful.

It is an open source eclipse project that is intended to be a replacement for the HotSpot JVM in the OpenJDK. When compared to HotSpot, OpenJ9 claims to be faster to boot and consume less resources.

Hardware-assisted virtualization

In hardware-assisted virtualization, the hardware offers architectural support that supports the construction of a virtual machine monitor and the operation of guest operating systems in isolation. Virtualization using hardware-assisted virtualization was originally launched on the IBM System/370 in 1972, and was intended for use withVM/370, which was the first virtual machine operating system sold by IBM as an official product. Additionally, Intel and AMD delivered additional hardware to enable virtualization in 2005 and 2006.

KVM, VMware Workstation, VMware Fusion, Hyper-V, Windows Virtual PC, Xen, Parallels Desktop for Mac, Oracle VM Server for SPARC, VirtualBox, and Parallels Workstation are just a few of the virtualization systems that have been designed to work with such hardware.

Operating-system-level virtualization

Physical servers are virtualized at the operating system level in operating-system level virtualization. This allows numerous isolated and secure virtualized servers to run on a single physical server in this configuration. Unlike the host operating system, the “guest” operating system environments are able to share a single instance of the operating system that is now executing. Consequently, the same operating system kernel is utilized to construct the “guest” environments, and programs running in a particular “guest” environment treat it as if it were a stand-alone system.

See also

  1. The paper “Formal criteria for virtualizable third generation architectures” by Gerald J. Popek and Robert P. Goldberg was published in 1974. (PDF). The Communications of the ACM, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 412–421, doi: 10.1145/361011.361073.S2CID12680060
  2. AbSmith, James E
  3. Nair, Ravi (2005). “The Architecture of Virtual Machines” is the title of this paper. Computer, 38(5), pp. 32–38, 395–396, 397–400. S2CID6578280
  4. Doi:10.1109/MC.2005.173.S2CID6578280
  5. Patrick Oliphant’s “Virtual Machines” is available online. VirtualComputing. The original version of this article was published on July 29, 2016. Retrieved2015-09-23. Some individuals take advantage of this feature to build up a second virtual machine running Windows on a Mac, allowing them to access the full range of software available on both platforms
  6. “Impressively fast server reboots — again another reason why virtualization is so great.” On 2006-05-09, vmwarez.com published an article that was later archived on 2006-06-14. “Server Consolidation and Containment Using Virtual Infrastructure,” which was retrieved on June 14, 2013. (PDF). VMware was founded in 2007. The original version of this document was archived(PDF) on December 28, 2013. Retrieved2015-09-29
  7. s^ Emerson W. Pugh is the author of this work (1995). A History of IBM: Shaping an Industry and Its Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), p.274 (ISBN 978-0-262-16147-3)
  8. Pugh, Emerson W., and colleagues (1991). IBM’s 360 and 370 systems, as well as their predecessors. MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press, MIT Press (1966). Informally, EULER is a generalization of ALGOL, with the following formal definition: In Part II, Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery.9. New York: ACM, pp. 89–99
  9. Griswold, Ralph E.The Macro Implementation of SNOBOL4. New York: ACM, pp. 89–99
  10. And Chapter 1 of Nelson, Graham A. “About Interpreters,” published by W. H. Freeman & Company in 1972 (ISBN0-7167-0447-1), is available online. Website that provides information. On December 3, 2009, the original version of this article was archived. Adele Goldberg and David Robson (2009-11-07)
  11. Retrieved 2009-11-07
  12. (1983). This chapter covers the language of Smalltalk-80 as well as the language’s implementation. The Addison-Wesley Series in Computer Science is a collection of books published by Addison-Wesley. Deutsch, L. Peter
  13. Schiffman, Allan M.
  14. Addison-Wesley, ISBN 978-0-201-11371-6
  15. Deutsch, L. Peter
  16. Schiffman, Allan M. (1984). Implementation of the Smalltalk-80 system that is both efficient and effective. John Aycock’s POPL was published by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) in Salt Lake City, Utah, with the doi: 10.1145/800017.800542.ISBN0-89791-125-3 (2003). “A quick historical overview of just-in-time delivery.” 35(2), 97–113, doi: 10.1145/857076.857077.S2CID15345671
  17. Ingalls Jr., Daniel “Dan” Henry Holmes
  18. Kaehler, Ted
  19. Maloney, John
  20. Wallace, Scott
  21. Kay, Alan Curtis
  22. Kaehler, Ted (1997). “Return to the future: the narrative of Squeak, a practical Smalltalk built in its own right” In the Proceedings of the 12th ACM SIGPLAN conference on Object-oriented programming, systems, languages, and applications (OOPSLA ’97), the authors present their findings. pp. 318–326.doi: 10.1145/263698.263754.ISBN0-89791-908-4
  23. Bracha, Gilad
  24. Griswold, David. New York, NY, USA: ACM Press. ISBN0-89791-908-4 (1993). “Strongtalk: Typechecking Smalltalk in a Production Environment” is the title of this article. The proceedings of the Eighth Annual Conference on Object-oriented Programming Systems, Languages, and Applications (OOPSLA) were published in 2009. OOPSLA ’93. New York, NY, USA: ACM. pp. 215–230.doi: 10.1145/165854.165893.ISBN978-0-89791-587-8
  25. Ungar, David Michael
  26. Smith, Randall B. OOPSLA ’93. New York, NY, USA: ACM. pp. 215–230.doi: 10.1145/165854.165893. (December 1987). “Self: The transformative power of simplicity.” doi: 10.1145/38807.38828.ISSN0362-1340
  27. Hölzle, Urs
  28. Ungar, David Michael. ACM SIGPLAN Notices.22(12): 227–242. doi: 10.1145/38807.38828.ISSN0362-1340 (1994). “Optimizing dynamically dispatched calls with run-time type feedback” is the title of this article. Paleczny, Michael
  29. Vick, Christopher
  30. Click, Cliff
  31. Paleczny, Michael
  32. Click, Cliff (2001). “The Java HotSpot server compiler” is an abbreviation. On the occasion of the Java Virtual Machine Research and Technology Symposium, the USENIX Association published Proceedings of the Java Virtual Machine Research and Technology Symposium.1 in Monterey, California. Randal, A., et al (2019). In this paper, we will look at the history of virtual machines and containers and compare them to their ideal counterparts. Keith Adams and Ole Agesen are two of the most well-known names in the world of sports (2006-10-21). A Comparison of x86 Virtualization Techniques Using Software and Hardware (PDF). ASPLOS’06 will be held from October 21–25, 2006. San Jose, California, United States of America. On the 20th of August, 2010, the original PDF file was archived. Our research reveals that first-generation hardware support seldom provides performance gains over existing software solutions, which is a surprising finding. Our explanation for this circumstance is that there are large VMM/guest transition costs, as well as an inflexible programming architecture that offers limited option for software flexibility in regulating both the frequency and the cost of these transitions.

Further reading

  • Virtual Machines: Versatile Platforms for Systems and Processes, Morgan Kaufmann, May 2005, ISBN 1-55860-910-5, 656 pages (covers both process and system virtual machines)
  • James E. Smith and Ravi Nair, Virtual Machines: Versatile Platforms for Systems and Processes, Morgan Kaufmann, May 2005, ISBN 1-55860-910-5, 656 pages (covers both process and system virtual machines)
  • Craig, Iain D., and Iain D. Craig. Virtual Machines. Process Virtual Machines by Springer, 2006, ISBN 1-85239-969-1, 269 pages (covers exclusively process virtual machines)
  • Springer, 2006.

External links

  • In May 2005, Morgan Kaufmann published Virtual Machines: Versatile Platforms for Systems and Processes, which has 656 pages and is ISBN 1-55860-910-5 (it covers both process and system virtual machines). James E. Smith and Ravi Nair also published Virtual Machines: Versatile Platforms for Systems and Processes in May 2005, which has 656 pages and is ISBN 1-55860-910-5 (it covers both process and system virtual machines). Virtual Machines, Iain D. Craig, ed. Process virtual machines is a book published by Springer in 2006 with an ISBN of 1-85239-969-1 and 269 pages.

What is called when software is used to simulate the hardware of a physical computer? – Brainly.in

In 1705, a big steam engine was built to transport heavy loads. What exactly is a microprocessor? What exactly did it do to change the computer system? 1) Create a C++ software that takes in 5 integers from the user and displays the accurate average of those numbers. Provide an example of a function that accepts a sentence as an input argument and replaces the initial letter of every word with the corresponding uppercase letter and the remainder of the letters in the word with the corresponding lowercase letters without the use of a built-in function Consider the following four processes: P1, P2, P3, and P4, each having an arrival time of 0, 1, 2, and 4 accordingly.

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P1, P2, P3, and P4 have burst times of 5, 4, 2, and 1 seconds, respectively.

Given a number N, display the pattern that corresponds to the integer N.

A) Shareholders B) Stakeholders C) Members of the Team A) D) Project Participants.s A PICTURE OR TWO OF THE DIALYZER MACHINE OR A PATIENT SUFFERING FROM KIDNEY FAILURE SHOULD BE DTAWNED ” What is the Government of India’s Digital India initiative? ​

Virtualization Technology & Virtual Machine Software: What is Virtualization?

Using virtualization to boost IT agility and flexibility while also reducing costs can result in substantial savings over time. The benefits of virtualization include enhanced workload mobility, higher performance, and increased availability of resources, as well as automated activities. These are all advantages of virtualization that make IT simpler to manage and less expensive to buy and run.

Benefits of Virtualization

Because of the limits of x86 servers, many information technology businesses must install numerous servers, each of which operates at a fraction of its maximum capacity, in order to keep up with the high storage and processing needs of today. As a result, there are significant inefficiencies and high operational expenses. This is where virtualization comes in. Virtualization is a method of simulating hardware capabilities and creating a virtual computer system that relies on software. More than one virtual system – as well as various operating systems and applications – may be operated on a single server, allowing IT businesses to scale their operations.

Virtual Machines Explained

A virtual computer system is referred to as a “virtual machine” (VM), which is a securely separated software container that contains both an operating system and an application. Each self-contained virtual machine (VM) is fully independent of the others. Placing numerous virtual machines (VMs) on a single computer allows various operating systems and applications to run on a single physical server, also known as a “host.” Hypervisors, a thin layer of software that separates virtual machines from their host computers, dynamically assign computational resources to each virtual machine as needed.

Key Properties of Virtual Machines

Virtual machines (VMs) contain the following features, which provide a number of advantages.


  • Multiple operating systems can be run on a single physical computer. Distribute system resources across the virtual machines in use.


  • Hardware-based fault and security isolation
  • Performance preservation through the use of enhanced resource restrictions


  • You can save the whole state of a virtual machine to a set of files. Virtual machines can be moved and copied just as simply as data can be moved and copied.

Hardware Independence

  • Provisioning or migrating any virtual machine to or from any physical server is possible.

Server Virtualization

Server virtualization enables multiple operating systems to run on a single physical server as highly efficient virtual machines, thereby increasing the efficiency of the server overall. The following are some of the most significant advantages:

  • Enhanced information technology efficiency
  • Lower operational expenses
  • Faster workload deployment
  • Improved application performance
  • And increased server availability Server sprawl and complexity have been eliminated.

Network Virtualization

As a result of its ability to completely replicate a physical network, network virtualization allows applications to run on virtual networks in the same way that they would on a physical network — but with the added benefit of greater operational efficiency and all of the hardware independence that comes with virtualization. (Network virtualization makes logical networking equipment and services — such as logical ports, switches, routers, firewalls, load balancers, VPNs, and other similar technologies — available to linked workloads.)

Desktop Virtualization

A managed service model for desktop deployment allows information technology enterprises to adapt more quickly to changing workplace requirements and emerging possibilities. It is also possible to rapidly and easily provide virtualized desktops and apps to branch offices, outsourced and offshore staff, and mobile workers utilizing iPad and Android tablets.

Virtualization vs. Cloud Computing

Virtualization and cloud computing are not interchangeable, despite the fact that they are both highly publicized technology. Computing environments may be made independent of physical infrastructure through the use of virtualization software, whereas cloud computing is a service that provides shared computing resources (software and/or data) on demand over the Internet.

Using virtualization and cloud computing as complimentary solutions, enterprises may begin by virtualizing their servers before transitioning to cloud computing for even better agility and self-service.


Virtualization is a technology that enables for more effective exploitation of actual computer hardware. It is the cornerstone of cloud computing and is used to create virtual machines on virtual computers.

What is virtualization?

Virtualization is the use of software to create an abstraction layer over computer hardware that allows the hardware elements of a single computer—processors, memory, storage, and other components—to be divided into multiple virtual computers, also known as virtual machines. Virtualization is a technique for dividing a single computer into multiple virtual computers, also known as virtual machines (VMs). Each virtual machine (VM) runs its own operating system (OS) and operates as if it were a standalone computer, despite the fact that it is only running on a piece of the actual underlying computer hardware.

Virtualization is now considered a mainstream technique in organizational information technology design.

When cloud providers use virtualization, they can continue to use their existing physical computer hardware to serve their customers; when cloud customers use virtualization, they can purchase only the computing resources they require at the time of need and scale those resources cost-effectively as their workloads grow.

Benefits of virtualization

Virtualization provides various advantages to data center owners and service providers, including the following:

  • Before virtualization, each application server had its own dedicated physical CPU, which meant that IT workers would have to purchase and setup a new server for each program they wished to run. (For reasons of dependability, IT desired that only one application and one operating system (OS) be installed on each machine.) Each physical server would almost certainly be underutilized. Server virtualization, on the other hand, allows you to run several applications—each on its own virtual machine with its own operating system—on a single physical computer (usually an x86 server) without losing stability. Using this method, the computational capability of the actual hardware is utilized to the greatest extent possible. Management is made simpler: The usage of software-defined virtual machines (VMs) in place of real computers makes it easier to utilize and administer policies that are written in software. This enables you to develop procedures for IT service management that are automated. Examples include software templates that allow administrators to design groupings of virtual machines and applications as services and then deploy and configure those services automatically using automated deployment and configuration tools. This implies that they may install such services regularly and consistently without having to go through a time-consuming and tedious process. as well as manual setup that is prone to mistake Administrators can use virtualization security rules to impose certain security configurations on virtual machines based on the role that the virtual machine is assigned. Even more resource-efficient policies may be implemented by retiring idle virtual machines in order to save on storage space and processing power. Downtime should be kept to a bare minimum: Operating system and application failures can generate downtime and impede user productivity. If an issue occurs, administrators can operate numerous redundant virtual machines side by side and switch between them when the problem occurs. Having numerous redundant physical servers is more expensive than having one primary server. Provisioning hardware more quickly: Purchasing, installing, and configuring hardware for each application takes a significant amount of time. Providing that the necessary hardware is already in place, deploying virtual machines to execute all of your apps is substantially faster than using traditional methods. Furthermore, you may automate it with management tools and incorporate it into current procedures.

See “5 Benefits of Virtualization” for a more in-depth look at the possible benefits of virtualization.


Virtualization solutions for specialized data center operations or end-user-focused, desktop virtualization situations are available from a number of vendors. VMware, which specializes in server, desktop, network, and storage virtualization; Citrix, which specializes in application virtualization but also offers server virtualization and virtual desktop solutions; and Microsoft, whose Hyper-V virtualization solution is included with Windows and focuses on virtual versions of server and desktop computers; are some of the more well-known virtualization vendors.

Virtual machines (VMs)

Virtual machines (VMs) are virtual environments that, in software form, imitate the operation of a real computer. A virtual machine’s configuration, storage for the virtual hard drive, and certain snapshots of the VM, which record the state of the VM at a specific moment in time, are often included within multiple files. See “What is a Virtual Machine?” for a comprehensive overview of virtual machines.


A hypervisor is the software layer that manages virtual machines (VMs). It acts as a bridge between the virtual machine and the underlying physical hardware, ensuring that each has access to the physical resources required to run its applications properly.

Moreover, it assures that the virtual machines do not interact with one another by interfering with each other’s memory space or compute cycles. Hypervisors are classified into two categories:

  • Type 1 hypervisors, sometimes known as “bare-metal” hypervisors, interface directly with the underlying physical resources, completely replacing the traditional operating system. They are most frequently seen in virtual server environments. Type 2 hypervisors run as a separate program on top of an existing operating system. They are most typically used on endpoint devices to run alternative operating systems, but they have a significant performance overhead since they must rely on the host operating system to access and coordinate the underlying hardware resources.

” Hypervisors: A Complete Guide ” gives a complete overview of all there is to know about hypervisors in one convenient location.

Types of virtualization

However, while server virtualization has been the focus of our discussion so far, there are many other aspects of information technology infrastructure that may be virtualized and provide considerable benefits to IT managers (in particular) and the company as a whole. Virtualization may be classified into the following kinds, which we’ll discuss in this section:

  • Desktop virtualization, network virtualization, storage virtualization, data virtualization, application virtualization, data center virtualization, CPU virtualization, GPU virtualization, Linux virtualization, cloud virtualization are all terms that are used to describe virtualization in various contexts.

Desktop virtualization

Desktop virtualization allows you to run numerous desktop operating systems on the same computer, each in its own virtual machine (VM). Desktop virtualization may be divided into two categories:

  • Virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) is a technology that allows numerous desktops to be operated in virtual machines (VMs) on a central server and streamed to users that log in using thin client devices. In this approach, virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) enables an organization to give its users with access to a range of operating systems from any device, without the need to install operating systems on any device. For a more in-depth explanation, see to “What is Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)?” Desktop virtualization, also known as local desktop virtualization, is the installation of a hypervisor on a local computer that allows the user to run one or more additional operating systems on that computer and switch from one operating system to another as needed without changing anything about the primary operating system.

Please check “Desktop as a Service (DaaS)” for further information on virtual desktops.

Network virtualization

It is possible to establish a “view” of the network using software, which an administrator may then access from a single terminal to control the whole network. Connections, switches, routers, and other hardware pieces and functions are abstracted away and placed in software operating on a hypervisor, where they may be accessed and used by other applications. It is possible for a network administrator to alter and control these parts without having to touch the underlying physical components, which significantly simplifies network administration.

SDN and NFV are both examples of software-defined networking.

Storage virtualization

Storage virtualization allows all of the storage devices on a network — whether they’re placed on individual servers or on freestanding storage units — to be accessed and controlled as if they were a single storage device on a single network. Storage virtualization, in particular, consolidates all blocks of storage into a single common pool from which they may be given to any VM on the network as and when they are required. Storage virtualization simplifies the process of provisioning storage for virtual machines (VMs) and makes the most of all accessible storage on the network.

Data virtualization

Modern companies store data from various applications, in different file formats, in many places, ranging from the cloud to on-premise hardware and software systems, and they do it in a variety of locations. Data virtualization allows any program to access all of that data, regardless of where it came from, what format it was in, or where it was stored. In the case of data virtualization, a software layer is created between the applications that access the data and the systems that store it.

The layer transforms a data request or query from an application into the appropriate format and delivers results that can span several systems. When alternative kinds of integration are not practicable, acceptable, or inexpensive, data virtualization can aid in the dismantling of information silos.

Application virtualization

Application virtualization allows users to execute application software without having to install it on their operating system. This varies from total desktop virtualization (as discussed above) in that just the program is run in a virtual environment, but the operating system on the end user’s device continues to function normally. Application virtualization may be divided into three categories:

  • Local application virtualization (also known as LOAV): The whole program is executed on the endpoint device, but it does so in a runtime environment rather than on the device’s actual hardware. Streaming of applications: In this case, the program is housed on a server, which periodically transfers tiny components of the software to be executed on the end user’s device. Application virtualization on a server-based platform The program is totally housed on a server, with just the user interface being sent to the client device over the network.
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Data center virtualization

Data center virtualization abstracts the majority of a data center’s hardware into software, allowing an administrator to effectively divide a single physical data center into many virtual data centers for various customers by dividing the data center into multiple virtual data centers. Customers can use infrastructure as a service to access their own servers, which would be hosted on the same underlying physical hardware as other clients. Cloud-based computing may be accessed fast and easily through virtual data centers, which allow a corporation to swiftly build up a comprehensive data center environment without the need to invest in infrastructure hardware.

CPU virtualization

In computing, CPU virtualization (central processing unit virtualization) is the foundational technology that enables the creation of hypervisors, virtual machines, and operating systems. It enables a single CPU to be partitioned into numerous virtual CPUs, each of which may be used by a different virtual machine. At initially, CPU virtualization was solely software-defined, but today’s CPUs feature expanded instruction sets that allow CPU virtualization, which enhances the performance of virtual machines (VMs) significantly.

GPU virtualization

It is a particular multi-core processor that boosts overall computer speed by taking over the processing of visual or mathematical tasks that would otherwise be performed by a regular processor. Using GPU virtualization, several virtual machines (VMs) may share the processing capacity of a single graphics processing unit (GPU). This allows for quicker video playback, artificial intelligence (AI), and other graphic- or math-intensive applications.

  • Pass-through GPUs make the full GPU available to a single guest OS
  • However, this is not always the case. Shared virtual GPUs (vGPUs) distribute actual GPU cores across a number of virtual GPUs (vGPUs) for usage by server-based virtual machines (VMs).

Linux virtualization

Linux features its own hypervisor, known as the kernel-based virtual machine (KVM), which supports Intel and AMD’s virtualization processor extensions, allowing you to construct x86-based virtual machines (VMs) from within a Linux host operating system. Linux is very adaptable due to the fact that it is an open source operating system. You may construct virtual machines (VMs) that run customized versions of Linux for specialized workloads, as well as security-hardened versions for more sensitive applications.

Cloud virtualization

As previously stated, virtualization is essential to the cloud computing concept. Cloud computing companies can provide a variety of services to clients by virtualizing servers, storage, and other physical data center resources. These services include, but are not limited to:

  • It stands for Infrastructure as a Service, which means that you may rent virtualized server, storage, and network resources that you can customize according to your needs. Platform as a service (PaaS): Virtualized development tools, databases, and other cloud-based services that you may use to create your own cloud-based apps and solutions
  • PaaS is an abbreviation for Platform as a Service (PaaS). Software as a service (SaaS) is a type of cloud-based software program that you may access from anywhere. SaaS is the cloud-based service that is the most decoupled from the underlying hardware.

More information on these cloud service types can be found in our guide: “IaaS vs. PaaS vs. SaaS,” which can be found here.

Virtualization vs. containerization

Server virtualization is the process of reproducing a full computer in hardware, which then runs the operating system as a whole. The operating system executes a single program. Although this is more efficient than not using virtualization at all, it still replicates useless code and services for each program that you wish to run on your computer. Containers use a different method to storing goods. They share the same core operating system kernel, and are only responsible for running the program and the resources it requires, such as software libraries and environment variables.

” Containers: A Complete Guide ” and ” Containerization: A Complete Guide ” are two excellent resources for learning more about containers and containerization.

Please refer to the blog post “Containers vs virtual machines: What’s the difference?” for a more in-depth comparison. Sai Vennam, in the following video, explains out the fundamentals of containerization and how it relates to virtualization through virtual machines (VMs) (8:09):


VMware is a company that develops virtualization software. When VMware first launched, it focused only on server virtualization, with its ESX (now ESXi) hypervisor being one of the first commercially successful virtualization technologies on the market. VMware now provides solutions for network virtualization, storage virtualization, and desktop virtualization, among other things. ” VMware: A Complete Guide” is a comprehensive resource for learning everything about VMware.


Virtualization has several advantages in terms of security. For example, infected virtual machines (VMs) can be rolled back to a period in time (referred to as a snapshot) when the VM was uninfected and stable; they can also be removed and recreated more readily than previously. You won’t always be able to disinfect a non-virtualized operating system since malware is typically firmly embedded into the operating system’s essential components, allowing it to survive system rollbacks. Additionally, virtualization introduces certain security issues.

In addition, because hypervisors might allow virtual machines to communicate with one another without interacting with the actual network, it can be difficult to monitor their traffic and, as a result, to detect suspicious activities.

The industry provides a variety of virtualization security tools that can scan and patch virtual machines (VMs) for malware, encrypt whole virtual machine virtual drives, and restrict and audit access to virtual machines.

Virtualization and IBM

IBM Cloudprovides a comprehensive range of cloud-based virtualization solutions, ranging from public cloud services to private and hybrid cloud options. IBM Cloud is a division of IBM Corporation. Create and manage virtual infrastructure, as well as benefit from a variety of services ranging from cloud-based artificial intelligence to VMware workload transfer, all provided by the IBM Cloud for VMware Solutions. Sign up for an IBM Cloud account right away.

What is a virtual machine (VM)?

Server consolidation is one of the most important reasons to utilize virtual machines. When deployed on bare metal, the vast majority of operating system and application deployments consume just a small portion of the physical resources available. By virtualizing your servers, you may fit numerous virtual servers onto a single physical server, allowing you to maximize the use of your resources. In addition to avoiding the need to acquire more physical resources such as hard drives or hard disks, you will also be able to reduce the demand for power, space, and cooling in your datacenter.

In contrast to the rest of the system, a virtual machine (VM) provides an environment that is isolated from the rest of the system, so whatever is operating within a VM will not interfere with anything else running on the host hardware.

Because virtual machines (VMs) are isolated from one another, they are an excellent choice for testing new applications or setting up a production environment. You may also use a single-purpose virtual machine to support a single process.

WOS CH12 Flashcards

The peer-to-peer (P2P) network, which is a network controlled by each computer independently and without the need of a centralized management system, is referred to as A(n). Option 2 for Question 2: DomainWorkhomeGroupshareWorkgroup Which of the following is used to safeguard the Windows operating system against malicious software and other threats? UACLibraries File extension that is not visible Attributes of a read-only file A(n) installation makes use of a response file. recovery Unattendednetworkdrive imaging on a CD-ROM It is possible to imitate the hardware of a real computer by running software on a virtual computer or virtual machine.

  • A dual boot system allows a user to install a new operating system without affecting the existing one, allowing you to boot into either operating system.
  • True or False are the alternatives for Question 8.
  • True or False are the alternatives for Question 9.
  • True or False are the alternatives for Question 10.
  • As soon as Tracy connects the printer to the computer, a notice appears stating that a new device is being configured.
  • What can Tracy do in order to make use of the printer?
  • Check the cord that connects to the printer.

Installing the driver from the manufacturer’s website is a simple process.

A new program on every computer in Sam’s SOHO network is something he’d want to have installed.

What is the quickest and most convenient way for Sam to install the program on all of the computers in the office?

Make numerous copies of the program on a DVD and store them safely.

To distribute the installation files, create a network share.

What is the maximum number of partitions that may be created when utilizing the GUID Partition Table (GPT) approach for partitioning a hard disk for Windows applications?

William has been tasked with the creation of a virtual lab on his behalf.

When William attempts to utilize Hyper-V, he discovers that it has not been installed on his computer.

Optional responses to question 4: Installer’s disk for Microsoft Windows Features of the Windows operating system Windows Store is a software application that allows you to purchase software for your computer.

When using this version of Windows 8.1, it will run slowly and occasionally crash.

Jenny want to completely erase her computer’s contents, including all of its apps and data, and reinstall Windows 10.

Optional responses to question 5: Upgrades performed on-site Installing and repairing Installation of a recovery strategy Installation on a bespoke basis In order for an operating system to be launched, what is used to adjust motherboard settings, locate a boot disk, and contain instructions for running key hardware before the OS is launched?

Question 7 options: Select the BIOS screen from the operating system.

Network ID is one of the possibilities for question 8.

Microsoft ID is a unique identifier created by Microsoft.

Configuration of the BIOS/UEFI Device Manager is a program that manages devices.

If a clean install of Windows is conducted on a hard drive that already contains a prior installation of Windows, and the disk is not formatted during the install, where will the files from the previous installation be stored when the clean install is completed?

Windows Windows.old Program and Data Files (saved) When you have adequate RAM, what sort of operating system should you install to get the greatest performance?

Option 2 for Question 2: System release Pack with the most recent updates Updated security measures Service Pack 1 (SP1) How can I determine whether version of Windows 10 is a legitimate in-place upgrade route for a PC that currently has Windows 7 Starter edition installed?

Windows 10 Home is a free version of the operating system.

Question 4 has the following options: operating system The VolumePathProduct key is used.

Question 5: What are your options?

Virtual machine (also known as a virtual machine) Compatibility mode is a setting that allows you to use a program that is compatible with another program.

Optional responses to Question 6: Disable BitSecure Boot is an executable.

If you wish to install a 64-bit version of Windows on a computer that already has a 32-bit operating system installed, what method of installation should you use?

Optional responses to question 8: DualCrossControlledSelective What is the maximum size of hard drives that can be partitioned using the Master Boot Record (MBR) technique of partitioning?

At the moment, all of the machines are connected as part of a workgroup.

Option 1 for Question 1: Every computer should be equipped with a USB device.

Install the program on each machine by going to the Windows Store and purchasing it.

To distribute the installation files, create a network share.

As soon as Tracy connects the printer to the computer, a notice appears stating that a new device is being configured.

What can Tracy do in order to make use of the printer?

Check the cord that connects to the printer.

Installing the driver from the manufacturer’s website is a simple process.

William’s boss wants to set up a test lab at the firm so that Windows 10 upgrades may be tested there.

William makes the decision to employ Hyper-V as the hypervisor for the virtual machines in his environment.

What tool will William use to install Hyper-V on Windows 10 is yet to be determined.

Microsoft’s official webpage You want to upgrade from Windows 8.1 to Windows 10.

Your system makes use of a network card that does not appear on the list of supported devices for Microsoft Windows 10 operating system.

Look for a Windows 10 driver on the manufacturer’s website if you have a network device.

When you attempt to install the software, an error message appears.

Install any Windows 10 updates that are available.

You want to install Windows 10 using the 64-bit architecture, which is what you’ve chosen. Which method(s) do you recommend for installing Windows 10? It is possible to conduct a clean installation, but not an upgrade.

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