Which Of The Following Software Tools Would You Use To Prepare A Break-even Analysis? (Solved)

What are the applications of break-even analysis?

  • Application of Breakeven Analysis 1 Cost Calculation. Breakeven analysis is widely used to determine the number of units the business needs to sell in order to avoid losses. 2 Budgeting and Setting Targets. 3 Motivational Tool. 4 Margin of Safety. 5 Cost Control and Monitoring. 6 Helps devise a pricing strategy.


What type of productivity software would you most likely use to do calculations and what if Analyses?

Productivity software programs include word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, personal information manager (PIM), and database programs. You use word processing software to create and edit written documents. Spreadsheet software enables you to do calculations and numerical and what-if analyses easily.

Which type of software provides more control over text and graphic placement in the layout of a page than word processing software?

Which type of software provides more control over text and graphic placement in the layout of a page than word processing software? Answers: Software used to apply the computer to a specific task for an end user is called: system software.

Which type of software can be used to create professional looking documents brochures or books?

Terms in this set (21) Desktop publishing is using software to lay out text and graphics for professional-looking documents, such as newspapers, books, or brochures.

Which of the following types of computers are used for weather forecasting on a national or worldwide scale?

A supercomputer is focused on performing tasks involving intense numerical calculations such as weather forecasting, fluid dynamics, nuclear simulations, theoretical astrophysics, and complex scientific computations.

Which of the following software are commonly used for computations?

MATLAB is a widely used proprietary software for performing numerical computations. It comes with its own programming language, in which numerical algorithms can be implemented. GNU MCSim a simulation and numerical integration package, with fast Monte Carlo and Markov chain Monte Carlo capabilities.

Which type of software is MS Excel?

Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet developed by Microsoft for Windows, macOS, Android and iOS. It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). Excel forms part of the Microsoft Office suite of software.

Is the system software that manages the activities of a network?

What is the system software that manages and controls the computer’s activities called? The operating system; software programs used to run activities of a computer. What are examples of operating systems?

What is Linux quizlet?

What is Linux? Linux is an operating system just like Windows. – Mainly Open source and programming instructions (source code) are freely distributed, proprietary software is also available. – Can be used as a server platform and as a desktop platform.

Which type of software is created and updated by a worldwide community?

Linux is also available in free versions downloadable from the Internet as open-source software. Open-source software is described more fully later, but in essence it is software created and updated by a worldwide community of programmers and available for free.

What type of software is used for the creation of DTP documents?

Programs such as Adobe InDesign, Microsoft Publisher, QuarkXPress, and Scribus are examples of desktop publishing software. Professional graphic designers and commercial printing technicians use some of these, whereas office workers, teachers, students, small-business owners, and non-designers use others.

What is DPT software?

Desktop publishing software (or DTP software) is software used in the process of creating editorial projects. DTP software is used to create both basic documents such as business cards, menus and brochures and more complex editorial projects like books, magazines, catalogs, and price lists.

Which is used for weather forecasting?

Supercomputers Observational data collected by doppler radar, radiosondes, weather satellites, buoys and other instruments are fed into computerized NWS numerical forecast models. The models use equations, along with new and past weather data, to provide forecast guidance to our meteorologists.

Which type of computer is best suited for predicting the weather?

A type of computer that is used for forecasting weather is entitled as Supercomputers. This weather-predicting report is made by the National Weather Service (NWS). Moreover, this service’s supercomputer holds arithmetical modeling facts for forecasting weather conditions.

Predicting Profitability: How to Do Break-Even Analysis [+Free Template]

Starting a business entails a significant amount of risk. “You have to spend money in order to make money,” as the adage states. While this is not always the case, there is one highly effective technique to reduce your risk: conduct a break-even analysis. A break-even analysis will tell you precisely what you need to do in order to break even and recoup your initial investment, and it will also tell you how long it will take. If you’re a business owner or are considering becoming one, you should be familiar with the concept of break-even analysis.

What is a break-even analysis?

It’s a valuable small business accounting process for figuring out when your firm, or a new product or service will be profitable. A break-even analysis is one of the most common types of small business accounting processes. To put it another way, it is a financial calculation that is used to calculate the quantity of items or services that must be sold in order to at least pay the expenses of manufacturing. This hypothesis is founded on the notion that there is a minimal product level at which a business neither earns profit nor loses money, which is known as the break-even point.

Break-even analysis, for example, may assist you establish how many smartphone cases you need to sell in order to pay your storage expenses.

Anything you sell over and above the break-even mark will result in a gain.

  • It’s a useful small business accounting process for figuring out when your company, or a new product or service will be profitable. A break-even analysis is one of the most common types of break-even analysis. Another way of putting it is that it is a financial calculation that is used to calculate the number of items or services that must be sold in order to at least pay the expenses of producing them. This hypothesis is founded on the notion that there is a minimal product level below which a business neither earns profit nor loses money, which is known as the break-even point. Breaking even means that you aren’t losing money or gaining money, but that all of your expenses have been paid. Break-even analysis, for example, may help you evaluate how many smartphone covers you need to sell in order to pay your storage expenses. Alternatively, you may calculate how many hours of service you need to sell in order to cover the cost of your office. Profit will accrue if you sell anything after you have reached break-even. To understand break-even analysis, it is necessary to be familiar with a few definitions:

Benefits of break-even analysis

Small and medium-sized businesses, in particular, are frequently unable to conduct financial analyses. The break-even point analysis is a powerful tool for planning and decision-making, as well as for highlighting critical information such as costs, quantities sold, prices, and so much more.Break-even point analysis is a method of determining the minimum sales volume necessary for a business to avoid losses.

Price smarter

Finding your break-even point will assist you in setting more competitive pricing for your items. Effective pricing requires a great deal of psychological understanding, but understanding how it will influence your gross profit margins is also crucial. You must ensure that you are able to pay your bills.

Cover fixed costs

In order to determine how much to charge for their goods, most individuals examine how much it costs to manufacture the product—these are known as variable costs. However, you will still need to cover your fixed expenditures, such as insurance and site development fees. This is made possible through the use of a break-even analysis.

Catch missing expenses

When you’re working on a small company concept, it’s easy to lose sight of the fact that expenditures must be considered.

It is necessary to write out all of your financial obligations in order to figure out your break-even point when performing a break-even analysis. This will reduce the amount of surprises that may occur down the line.

Set sales revenue targets

After conducting a profit and loss analysis, you will have a clear understanding of the amount of product you must sell in order to be profitable. This will assist you in setting more specific sales objectives for yourself and your team. Having a specific number in mind makes it much easier to follow through on your commitments.

Make smarter decisions

Entrepreneurs frequently make business decisions that are influenced by their emotions. If they have a positive feeling about a new enterprise, they will pursue it. Although how you feel is essential, it is not sufficient. Entrepreneurs that are successful base their judgments on empirical evidence. When you’ve put in the effort and have relevant information in front of you, making a decision will be much easier.

Limit financial strain

In many cases, entrepreneurs make judgments about their businesses that are influenced by their emotions. A new enterprise is taken on if they are excited about it. However, just knowing how you feel isn’t adequate. Entrepreneurs that are successful make judgments based on facts rather than emotions or assumptions. When you’ve put in the effort and have helpful information in front of you, making a decision will be much simpler.

Fund your business

A break-even analysis is a critical component of every company plan’s financial analysis. It is often required if you want to raise capital through investors or other forms of debt to support your firm. You must demonstrate that your proposal is feasible. Additionally, you will feel more confident in taking on the weight of financing if the analysis appears to be favorable to you.

Free: The Big List of Business Ideas

To assist you in finding the motivation to get started, we’ve collected a list of 100+ in-demand business ideas that have been divided into categories such as fitness, fashion, and video games.

Get the big list of business ideas delivered right to your inbox.

We’re almost there: just enter your email address here to receive immediate access. We’ll also keep you informed of any new instructional resources or success stories from the Shopify newsletter that we come across. We despise SPAM and vow to keep your email information private and confidential.

How to calculate break-even point

Allow me to explain how the break-even analysis formula works before we proceed with the calculation of the break-even point. Understanding the framework of the following formula can aid in determining profitability as well as future profits potential for a company. It is calculated by dividing your fixed expenses by your average selling price, minus variable costs, to get your break-even threshold. Essentially, you must calculate your net profit per unit sold and divide it by the number of units sold to determine your fixed expenses.

As you are now aware, the revenue generated by your product sales must cover more than simply the price of manufacturing it.

Now that you understand what break-even point is, how it works, and why it is important, let’s go over the steps to calculating your break-even point.

To begin, get a free copy of the break-even analysis template from the link provided above. Make a duplicate of the template and use it to create custom calculations when you’ve completed the copying process.

Step 1: Gather your data

The first step is to create a comprehensive list of all of the expenditures associated with running a business, including the price of your product, rent, and bank fees. Think about everything you have to pay for and make a list of everything. The last step is to categorize your expenses into two categories: fixed expenditures and variable costs.

1. Fixed costs

Fixed costs are those costs that remain the same regardless of how much product is sold in a given period. Rent, software subscriptions, insurance, and labor are examples of expenses that might be included. Make a list of everything that you will have to pay for regardless of what happens. If you’re planning an event that will take place over a shorter period of time, such as a three-day festival, you can include total spending in monthly numbers in the majority of circumstances. Everything should be added up.

2. Variable costs

When it comes to variable expenses, these are costs that change depending on the quantity of product you sell. Materials, commissions, payment processing, and labor are all examples of what may be included in this category. Some expenses might fall into either category, depending on the nature of your firm. If you have salaried employees, they will fall under the category of fixed costs. However, if you pay hourly staff on a part-time basis who only work when the business is busy, they will be classified as variable expenses.

You might be interested:  What Is Collaboration Software? (Perfect answer)

Make a list of the prices per unit sold and total up all of the expenses.

3. Average price

Last but not least, decide on a price. Not to worry if you’re not ready to make a final monetary commitment just yet. You can always alter your mind afterwards. It’s important to remember that this is the average pricing. If you provide certain clients with bulk discounts, you will be able to decrease the average price by doing so.

Step 2: Plug in your data

It is now necessary to enter your information. When you enter your fixed cost total and variable cost total into the spreadsheet, the spreadsheet will calculate your break-even point. Simply enter your average price in the corresponding field in the appropriate row and you’re done. Following that, the math will be performed automatically. To break even, you must sell a certain number of units, which is represented by a numerical value in the top right cell of the Break-Even Units column. The break-even point in the case above is 92.5 units, which corresponds to the break-even point in the previous example.

Step 3: Make adjustments

Feel free to try out other combinations of numbers. Check out what happens if you cut your fixed or variable costs, or if you change the pricing of your product. It is possible that you will not do it right the first time; therefore, make improvements as you go.

Warning: Don’t forget any expenses

The most prevalent issue of break-even point analysis is that it fails to account for certain factors, particularly variable expenses. Performing break-even studies is a key phase in the process of making critical business choices. As a result, you must make every effort to ensure that your data is as correct as possible. Think through your complete business from beginning to end to ensure that you don’t overlook any charges along the way. It is possible that you will recall that you need to purchase branded tissue paper, and that one order will last you up to 200 shipments if you think through yourecommerce packagingexperience.

These are variable expenses that must be taken into consideration. If you want more assistance, a break-even calculator can assist you in determining your financial analysis.

Break-even analysis examples: when to use it

There are four frequent instances in which conducting a break-even analysis is beneficial.

1. Starting a new business

If you’re considering launching a new firm, you should conduct a break-even study beforehand. Not only will it assist you in determining whether or not your company concept is practical, but it will also drive you to conduct market research, be honest about prices, and carefully consider your pricing approach.

2. Creating a new product

In spite of the fact that you currently have a firm, you should conduct a break-even study before embarking on any new product—especially if the new product would incur considerable additional costs. Even if your fixed expenses, such as your office lease, remain the same, you’ll need to figure out the variable costs associated with your new product and determine pricing before you can begin selling it to customers.

3. Adding a new sales channel

Adding a new sales channel will result in an increase in your costs, even if your prices remain the same. Example: If you’ve been selling online and are considering opening a pop-up store, you should make sure you at least break even on your investment before proceeding. Otherwise, the financial burden might have a negative impact on the rest of your company. This applies equally to the addition of new online sales channels, such as shoppable Instagram posts and other social media platforms. Any further expenses to advertise the channel, such as Instagram advertising or other means, are you planning?

4. Changing your business model

In the event that you are considering altering your company strategy, such as switching from dropshipping items to maintaining inventory, you should do a break-even study of your current operations. Your beginning expenses might alter dramatically, and this will assist you in determining whether or not your pricing needs to change as a result.

Break-even analysis limitations

Despite the fact that break-even analysis is critical in bookkeeping and business decision-making, it is limited in the type of information it can provide.

Not a predictor of demand

It’s vital to remember that a break-even study does not always forecast future demand. It will not tell you how many people will be interested in what you’re offering or how many sales you will get. It will just inform you how many sales you need to produce in order to be profitable in your business.

Dependent on reliable data

Costs might fall into both the fixed and variable categories at the same time. This can make computations more difficult, and you’ll almost certainly have to shoehorn them into one of the two options. For example, you may have a basic labor cost that remains constant regardless of the circumstances, as well as an extra labor cost that varies depending on how much goods you sell. The accuracy of your break-even point is dependent on the accuracy of your information. It is impossible to obtain a valid result from a break-even formula if the data input is not good.


The break-even point calculation is oversimplified in several ways. Many firms provide a variety of items at a variety of pricing points. It will not be able to pick up on that subtle difference. Working with a single product at a time or estimating an average pricing based on all of the items you could sell will most likely be necessary. If this is the case, it is advisable to run through a few different scenarios to ensure that you are well informed. Costs fluctuate in tandem with price changes.

It is assumed that only one thing changes at a time in this model. Instead, lowering your pricing and increasing sales may result in a reduction in your variable expenses as a result of increased purchasing power or the ability to work more effectively. In the end, it’s merely a best-guess estimate.

Ignores time

The break-even analysis does not take into account swings over time. The time frame will be determined by the period for which you are calculating your fixed expenses (monthly is most common). It is true that you will be able to see how many units you need to sell over the course of a month, but you will not be able to see how things alter if your sales move from week to week, or season to season throughout the course of a year. You’ll need to rely on sound cash flow management, as well as a reliable sales forecast, in order to achieve this.

Break-even analysis simply considers what is happening right now.

If you boost your rates, you run the risk of losing clients.

Ignores competitors

As a new entry to the market, your actions will have an impact on your rivals and vice versa. They might modify their pricing, which could have an impact on demand for your goods, forcing you to adjust your prices as well. If they develop swiftly and a raw commodity that both of you rely on becomes increasingly rare, the cost of doing business might rise. Ultimately, a break-even analysis will provide you with a very strong grasp of the circumstances that must be met in order to be successful.

However, it is not the only type of study you should conduct before launching or making changes to a company.

Tips to lower your break-even point

And what happens if you do your break-even analysis and discover that the number of units you need to sell is far too large to be profitable? Don’t be alarmed if the amount appears to be unreasonable or unachievable. It’s possible that you may make some changes to your business model to decrease your break-even threshold.

1. Lower fixed costs

Examine whether there is a possibility to reduce your fixed expenses. In order to break even, you’ll need to sell a certain number of units, and the lower you can get them, the better. For example, if you’re considering opening a retail store but the numbers aren’t working out, you might want to consider selling online instead. What impact does this have on your fixed costs?

2. Raise your prices

If you boost your prices, you will not need to sell as many units to break even as you previously thought. A bigger marginal contribution will be made on each individual unit of sale. When considering whether or not to raise your rates, keep in mind what the market is prepared to pay as well as the expectations that come with a price increase. Buyers may anticipate a better quality or better customer service if you charge a higher price, even though you don’t have to sell as many units as you did previously.

3. Lower variable costs

In many cases, lowering your variable costs is the most challenging choice, particularly if you are just starting out in company. However, the greater the size, the more straightforward it will be to cut variable costs.

It’s worthwhile to make an effort to reduce your expenses by negotiating with your suppliers, switching providers, or altering your business process. For example, you may discover that packing peanuts are less expensive than bubble wrap when shipping sensitive items.

Download your free break-even analysis template

Don’t forget to get your free break-even analysis template as soon as possible. It is also possible to save it as a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. To create a duplicate of the spreadsheet that you may edit, go to File Make a copy. Conducting a break-even analysis is critical for making informed business choices. Do a break-even analysis the next time you’re thinking about establishing a new business or making adjustments to your existing firm so you’ll be better prepared the next time something like this happens.

Ready to create your business? Start your free 14-day trial of Shopify—no credit card required.

The break-even point in cost accounting is the moment at which your company’s entire revenue equals its total costs. Calculated by dividing the total fixed costs connected with manufacturing your product by the sales price per unit less the total variable costs associated with manufacturing your product. It assists a firm in determining when it will be lucrative.

What are the three methods to calculate your break-even point?

The gap between your breakeven point and the amount of sales made is referred to as the margin of safety. Any income you generate above your breakeven threshold is referred to as the margin of safety (or profit margin). It is the distance between you and being unprofitable that is measured. The greater your margin of safety, the less likely it is that you will suffer a loss.

What’s the difference between break-even analysis and break-even point?

The term “break-even point” refers to a measure of a company’s profit margin. A break-even analysis informs you how many sales you need to produce in order to pay the overall costs of manufacturing and distribution.

Break-Even Analysis 101: How to Calculate BEP and Apply It to Your Business

When will I be able to break even? When you’re beginning a business, this is one of the most important questions you’ll have to answer. Therefore, doing a break-even analysis is critical because it allows you to calculate fixed expenses (such as rent) and variable costs (such as materials) so that you can set your pricing accordingly and estimate the point at which your firm will become profitable. Among the most important concepts in break-even analysis is the idea of the break-even point (BEP).

A system that grows with your business.

We’ll be there for you from the beginning to the end of the road.

What is the break-even point for a business?

The point at which a company’s revenues equal its costs is known as the break-even point. Having determined that figure, you should take a close look at all of your expenses, including everything from rent to labor to supplies to pricing structure. After that, ask yourself the following questions: Having trouble reaching break-even in a fair length of time? Is the pricing of your product or service too low, or are your costs too high? Is your company’s long-term viability in question?

How to calculate your break-even point

There are a few simple break-even point calculations that might assist you in determining the break-even threshold for your organization. Depending on the product, one is based on the number of units sold, while the other is based on points in sales dollars. The following is an example of how to calculate break-even point:

  • How to compute the break-even point depending on the number of units sold: Add together all of your fixed costs and divide them by your unit revenue minus your variable cost. A company’s fixed costs are those that remain constant regardless of how many units are sold. When you sell a product for a certain price, you subtract variable expenses such as labor and materials to arrive at your net revenue. Break-Even Point (Units) = Fixed Costs – (Revenue per Unit – Variable Cost per Unit)
  • Break-Even Point (Units) = Fixed Costs – (Revenue per Unit – Variable Cost per Unit)
  • When calculating a break-even point based on sales dollars, consider the following: Divide the fixed expenses by the contribution margin to get the contribution margin. It is possible to calculate the contribution margin by deducting the variable expenses from the product’s selling price. This sum is then utilized to pay the fixed costs of the company. Contribution Margin minus Fixed Costs equals Break-Even Point (in sales dollars). Contribution Margin equals the difference between the price of the product and variable costs.

In order to better understand what this all entails, let us take a closer look at the formula’s components in greater depth.

  • Fixe costs: As previously said, fixed costs are expenses that are not altered by the amount of things sold. Examples of fixed costs are rent paid for storefronts or manufacturing facilities, computers, and software. Aspects of fixed expenses that are not variable include payments for services such as graphic design, advertising, and public relations. It is computed by deducting an item’s variable expenses from its selling price, which is known as the contribution margin. The contribution margin is defined as the difference between the selling price of a product (in this case $100) and the cost of materials and labor (in this case $40). This $60 is then used to pay the fixed expenditures, and whatever money that remains after that is considered your net profit. Calculating the contribution margin ratio, which is commonly represented as a percentage, involves deducting your fixed expenses from your contribution margin and dividing the result by 100. Once you’ve established your break-even point, you may evaluate what steps you need to take to achieve it, such as decreasing manufacturing costs or boosting your prices. Profit earned after you have achieved break even: The break-even point is reached when your revenues equal your fixed and variable costs. At this time, the firm will declare a net profit or loss of $0. Any sales that occur after that time are credited to your net profit.

How to use a break-even analysis

A break-even analysis is a tool that helps you to figure out where your break-even point is. However, your computations aren’t finished quite yet. When you examine the statistics, you may discover that you need to sell far more things than you anticipated in order to break even. The question you must ask yourself at this point is if your existing strategy is practical, or whether you need to boost pricing, find a means to decrease costs, or do a combination of both. You should also think about whether or not your items will be successful on the market before proceeding.

Ideally, you should undertake this financial analysis before you start a firm so that you can have a thorough sense of the risks associated in the venture.

To put it another way, you should determine whether or not the business is worthwhile. It is recommended that existing firms undertake this type of study before introducing a new product or service in order to assess whether the prospective return is worth the initial beginning expenditures.

Break-even analysis examples

A break-even analysis is not just beneficial for startup planning, but it is also valuable for other purposes. Here are some examples of how firms might include it into their day-to-day operations and strategic planning.

  • Prices:If your study indicates that your present pricing is too low to enable you to break even in the period you intend, you may wish to increase the cost of the item. Make sure, however, that you compare the prices of comparable things to ensure that you are not pricing yourself out of the market. Materials: Are the costs of materials and labor unaffordable in the long run? Identify cost-effective ways to retain your target level of quality while minimizing your expenses
  • Products that have recently been introduced include: Take into consideration both new variable expenses and existing fixed costs, such as those associated with design and advertising fees, before launching a new product. Planning: The ability to create longer-term objectives is much easier when you know exactly how much money you need to make. Consider the following scenario: If you want to grow your business and move into a larger facility with a higher rent, you can figure out how much more you need to sell in order to pay the additional fixed costs. Aspirations: If you and your team are aware of the number of units you must sell or the amount of money you must earn in order to break even, it may be a great motivator for you and your team.
You might be interested:  What Is Amd Radeon Software? (Best solution)

How can I calculate break-even analysis in Excel?

Break-even analysis is the study of how many sales, or units sold, are necessary to break even after all fixed and variable costs of running the firm have been taken into consideration. Break-even analysis is crucial in business planning and corporate finance because it determines if a firm (or project) is on track to profitability based on estimates about expenses and anticipated sales.

Key Takeaways

  • In the examination of the quantity of sales or units sold necessary to break even after accounting for all fixed and variable costs, break-even analysis is defined as Break-even analysis assists businesses in determining the number of units that must be sold in order to pay all of their expenditures and begin making a profit. Break-even analysis is used by businesses to calculate the price they must charge in order to pay both their variable and fixed costs.

Understanding Break-Even Analysis

Break-even analysis is used by businesses to evaluate what price they must charge in order to generate enough revenue to pay their expenses. As a result, revenue and sales analysis are frequently included in break-even analysis procedures. However, it is necessary to distinguish between sales, income, and profits. Revenue is the whole amount of money collected through the sale of a product, whereas profit is the amount of revenue that remains after all expenses and costs associated with running a firm have been deducted from the total amount of revenue.

Types of Costs

Fixed and variable costs are the two types of expenses that are considered in the break-even analysis. In contrast to variable costs, which fluctuate in proportion to the number of units sold, fixed costs stay relatively constant regardless of the number of units sold. Inventory or raw materials used in the manufacturing process would be considered variable costs. The rent for the manufacturing facility would be considered a fixed cost. Break-even analysis assists businesses in determining the number of units that must be sold in order for them to pay not just their variable expenses, but also the percentage of their fixed costs that are associated with manufacturing that unit.

Pricing Strategies

Break-even analysis allows business managers to analyze alternative pricing strategies and compute the number of units sold that will result in a profitable operation. For example, if they decrease the price of their product during a marketing campaign in order to create new sales, they will need to sell more units in order to make up for the lower amount of income they will get as a result of the lower price per unit they will sell. If they reduce the price by a significant amount, they will require a significant increase in demand for their product in order to cover their fixed costs, which are required to keep the firm running.

Alternatively, if they do not reduce their pricing at all, or if the price per unit is not competitive with the market, they may see a decrease in demand for their product and be unable to pay their total fixed expenses in full.

Break-even analysis, which takes into account all expenses and income from sales, is useful in determining when profit begins to accrue.

Contribution Margin

When completing break-even analysis, it is critical to establish how much margin or profit is being produced from sales after removing the variable costs associated with manufacturing the units in question. The contribution margin is defined as the difference between the selling price and the variable costs. In the following example, assume that a product sells for $200 per unit, and that the total variable expenses per unit are $80. The contribution margin is $120 ($200 – $80). The $120 represents the net income made after subtracting variable expenditures, and it must be sufficient to cover the company’s fixed costs as well.

Formula for Break-Even Analysis

When total fixed costs plus total variable costs equals revenue, the break-even point is reached.

  • The total fixed costs are normally known
  • They include items such as rent, salary, utilities, interest expenditure, depreciation, and amortization
  • Yet, they can be difficult to calculate. In general, total variable costs are more difficult to estimate
  • Nonetheless, they are comprised of items such as direct material, billable labor hours, commissions, and fees. Revenue is equal to the unit price multiplied by the number of units sold.

With this information, we can use algebra to solve any piece of the puzzle that we come across. Please keep in mind that each portion of the equation–total fixed expenses, total variable costs, and total revenue–can either be written in terms of a “Total,” or in terms of a per-unit measurement, depending on the exact break-even measure we require. In our Excel example, we go into further detail on how to do this.

Special Considerations

The statistic that takes into account taxes is known as Net Operating Profit After Tax (NOPT) (NOPAT). By include the cost of all real operations, including the impact of taxes, into your NOPAT calculation, you may save time and money. However, revenue is the commonly recognized term, and therefore it is what we will be utilizing in this post as an example. The inclusion of taxes, which are a legitimate expenditure that a corporation incurs, is critical for determining break-even figures. It is not uncommon for taxes to change in direct proportion to revenues; instead, they are often determined on taxable profits.

Using Net Operating Profit After Tax as a measure of success would be a solution to this problem (NOPAT).

For the remainder of this section, we will utilize the first formula to determine when a business is profitable.

Types of Break-Even Analysis

Net Operating Profit After Tax is the measure that takes into account taxes (NOPAT). By include the cost of all real activities, including the impact of taxes, into your NOPAT calculation, you may reduce your overall costs. As a result, we’ll use the term “revenue” in this article to refer to the commonly known concept. The inclusion of taxes, which are a legitimate expenditure that a corporation incurs, is critical for determining break-even amounts. It is not uncommon for taxes to change in direct proportion to revenues; instead, they are based on taxable profits in most situations.

Using Net Operating Profit After Tax as a measure of success might be a solution (NOPAT).

By include the cost of all real activities, including the impact of taxes, into your NOPAT calculation, you may reduce your overall costs. For the remainder of this section, we will compute the break-even point using the first formula.

Break-Even Total Sales

Sometimes businesses seek to figure out how much overall income and sales they will need to generate in order to pay all of the costs associated with running the business. The following formula can be used to calculate total sales, but the units of measurement are dollars ($) rather than units of measurement:

  • Break-even Sales = Total Fixed Costs / (Contribution Margin)
  • Contribution Margin = 1 – (Variable Costs / Revenues)
  • Break-even Sales = Total Fixed Costs / (Contribution Margin)
  • Break-even Sales

Please keep in mind that this might be represented as a percentage or as a percentage per unit of measurement.

Break-Even Units Sold

One of the most popular ways of break-even analysis is to calculate the number of units that must be sold in order to attain the break-even threshold. If you have a large amount of data, you may need to convert total dollar values into per-unit values, which is as follows:

  • Break-Even Units = Total Fixed Costs / (Price per Unit – Variable Cost per Unit)
  • Break-Even Units = Total Fixed Costs / (Price per Unit – Variable Cost per Unit)

Break-even analysis is calculated by dividing the total fixed expenses by the contribution margin for each unit sold, which yields the break-even point. Let us assume that the entire fixed expenses are $10,000, as in the previous example of fixed costs. In our last discussion, we learned that the product sells for $200 per unit and that the total variable expenses are $80 per unit, yielding a contribution margin of $120 ($200 minus $80). With the use of the break-even point calculation, we can figure out what the figures are ($10,000 in fixed expenses / $120 in contribution margin).

From that moment forward, or 85 units and beyond, the corporation will have recovered their fixed expenses and will be able to report a profit per unit sold.

Break-Even Price

Given a known fixed and variable cost as well as a projected number of units sold, we are attempting to solve for the pricing in this situation. It is important to note that in the first two formulae, we already know the sales price and are effectively calculating the number of units sold to break even. However, in this scenario, we must estimate both the number of units sold (or the total amount sold) and the relationship between them as a function of the sales price we are trying to find.

  • Total Variable Costs Per Unit = Total Variable Costs / (Total Variable + Total Fixed Costs)
  • Total Fixed Costs Per Unit = Total Fixed Costs / Total Number of Units
  • Total Fixed Costs Per Unit = Total Fixed Costs Break-Even Price = 1 / ((1 – Total Variable Costs Percent per Unit)*(Total Fixed Costs per Unit))
  • Break-Even Price = 1 / ((1 – Total Variable Costs Percent per Unit)*(Total Fixed Costs per Unit)

Break-Even Analysis in Excel

Now that we understand what a break-even analysis entails, we can start modeling it in Microsoft Excel. There are a variety of approaches that may be used to accomplish this. The two most useful methods are to create a break-even calculator or to use Goal Seek, which is a built-in Excel tool that finds the most profitable opportunities. Our demonstration of the calculator is based on the fact that it is more consistent with financial modeling best practices, which state that formulae should be split out and auditable.

(Note: If the table appears to be too small, right-click the picture and select “Open in New Tab” to view it at a better size).

Investopedia Finally, we can quickly construct a sensitivity matrix to investigate the interactions between these parameters. A variety of break-even values from $28 to $133 may be observed when considering different cost structures. In Excel, perform a sensitivity analysis.Investopedia

Break Even Analysis: Know When You Can Expect a Profit

This page should be printed. Included are one or more images. Make a comment on this page. Breakeven analysis is a technique for determining when a company will be able to pay all of its expenditures and begin to generate a profit. When starting a business, it is critical to understand your beginning costs since this information will give you with the information you need to create enough sales income to cover the continuing expenses associated with running your company. When starting a firm, it’s important to recognize that $5,000 in product sales will not be enough to pay $5,000 in monthly overhead costs.

The breakeven threshold is reached when revenue matches all of a company’s operating expenses.

How to Prepare a Break-Even Analysis

The break-even analysis will require you to make informed predictions about your costs and income in order to be successful. In order to establish your predicted sales volume and expenditures, you need conduct thorough research, which should include a study of your market. It is possible to learn how to develop appropriate income and expense predictions by reading business plan literature and using business plan software. You’ll need to make some educated guesses and calculations about the following:

  • Costs that are fixed Fixed costs (sometimes known as “overhead”) are expenses that remain constant from month to month. They consist of fixed expenses such as rent, insurance, utilities, and other fixed costs. It’s also a good idea to factor in a little amount of additional money, say 10%, into your break-even analysis to account for unexpected costs that you can’t forecast. Sales revenue is the amount of money earned. This is the entire amount of money generated by sales activity that you bring into your company each month or year. A true break-even analysis requires that you base your prediction on the volume of business that you truly expect, rather than on the amount of profit that you need to generate to be profitable. Each sale generates an average gross profit. The money left over from each sales dollar after paying for the direct costs of a transaction is referred to as average gross profit. (Direct costs are the expenses you incur in the course of providing your product or service.) Consider the following scenario: an average of $100 is spent on materials to create dresses that are sold for an average of $300, yielding an average gross profit of $200. The average gross profit margin (in percentage terms) This percentage informs you of how much of each dollar of sales revenue is made up of gross profit margin. To find out your average gross profit %, divide your average gross profit number by the average selling price, which is equal to the average selling price. In the following example, suppose that Antoinette makes an average gross profit of $200 on clothes that she sells for an average price of $300
  • Her gross profit percentage is 66.7 percent ($200 divided by $300)
  • And her gross profit percentage is 66.7 percent ($200 divided by $300).

Calculating Your Break-Even Point

Once you’ve calculated the numbers above, it’s easy to figure out your break-even point. The formula for determining your breakeven point requires no more than simple arithmetic. Simply divide your estimated annual fixed costs by your gross profit percentage to determine the amount of sales revenue you’ll need to bring in just to break even.For example, if Antoinette’s fixed costs are $6,000 per month, and her expected profit margin is 66.7%, her break-even point is $9,000 in sales revenue per month ($6,000 divided by.667). In other words, Antoinette must make $9,000 each month just to pay her fixed costs and her direct (product) costs. (Note that this number does not include any profit, or even a salary for Antoinette.)
Free Online Calculator

If You Can’t Break Even

Alternatively, if your break-even point is greater than your predicted revenues, you’ll need to determine whether some components of your strategy may be adjusted to get a break-even point that is more realistically possible. For instance, you might be able to:

  • Reduce your costs by finding a less costly source of supplies, eliminating the need for a staff, saving money on rent by working from home, or increasing the price of your product or service.
You might be interested:  What Is Intel Proset/wireless Software? (Best solution)

If you play about with the statistics and your break-even sales income remains an impossibly high figure, you may need to abandon your company concept. The fact that you discovered this before investing your own (or someone else’s) money in the notion should give you some comfort. Detailed information on establishing your break-even point may be found at: «Will My Business Make Money?» The following are three methods for lowering your break-even point:» Other Online Break-Even Calculator C. C.

Consultants Inc.Learn about the 5 C’s of Credit Analysis from C.


How to Calculate the Break-Even Point for Your Business

Continue reading to find out how to determine your break-even point in terms of units sold or dollars earned for your various goods and services. 22nd of June, 2021 5 minutes to read Planning for 12 to 15 months of cash flow is advised when beginning a business in order to keep your company viable while it acquires traction is also recommended. Part of that preparation will include determining the amount of business you will need to generate in order to avoid going into the red and covering your overhead expenditures.

When it comes to presenting your company to potential investors or business partners, it will be really beneficial.

If you’re ready to figure out your BEP, use the calculator provided below!

It may be used to calculate the amount of sales or the price at which your services must be sold in order to break even on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis, among other things. Using it to estimate your profit on the basis of existing or expected sales is also an option.

What is the Break-Even Point?

The break-even point is the moment at which the costs of your firm equal the income of your company. When this occurs, neither money is lost nor money is gained by your organization. If your revenue is less than your costs, you are said to be operating at a loss. Having a profit means that your revenue is more than your cost of goods sold.

BEP Formula Elements

There are two common ways to calculate your break-even point: in terms of units sold and in terms of revenue earned. Instead of going through those formulae in detail, here is a summary of the many components you’ll need to be familiar with before you begin your analysis:


A single item or service has been sold. As an alternative to estimating your break-even point by adding up the monthly and quarterly totals of fixed expenses, variable costs, and sales prices, you may compute the BEP for each individual product or service offered. This is often advised if the pricing of your products or services fluctuates greatly from season to season or if the services you give vary dramatically from season to season.

Sales Price Per Unit

Purchase of a single item or service Although you may estimate your break-even point by adding up the monthly, quarterly, or annual totals of fixed expenses, variable costs, and sales prices, you can also determine the break-even point for each product or service that you offer. Generally speaking, this is advised if the price of your products or services fluctuates dramatically from season to season, or if the services you give differ from season to season.

Fixed Costs

It is the costs that remain constant over time, regardless of whether sales have increased or decreased. These are often regular charges that occur on a weekly, monthly, quarterly, or annual basis. This can involve the following:

  • Rent, utilities, software, salaries, insurance, property taxes, loans, and interest are all examples of expenses.

Our break-even point calculator allows you to determine your break-even threshold on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis. For those performing their own BEP analyses or utilizing a monthly calculator, make sure to divide any quarterly or yearly fixed expenditures by the period for which you’re computing the BEP.

Variable Costs

Costs that fluctuate over time as a result of the number of sales generated. This can involve the following:

  • Production and manufacture
  • Labor
  • Materials and supplies
  • Repairs
  • Shipping
  • Commissions
  • And other fees and charges

Contribution Margin

It is the difference between the price of a product or service and the cost of producing or performing that product or performing that service known as the contribution margin. Formula:

  • (Sale Price per Unit – Variable Cost Per Unit) / Sale Price per Unit = Contribution Margin

Calculate Your BEP in Units

Subtract your fixed expenses from your monthly, quarterly, or annual sales revenue and multiply the result by the difference between your sales price per unit and your variable cost per unit. Whenever you’re calculating the break-even threshold for a certain product or service, remember to include the fixed expenses, variable costs, and sales price associated with that specific product or service. Formula:

  • The break-even point in units is equal to (sales price per unit – variable cost per unit) x fixed expenses.


Sally has a beauty shop, and she’s attempting to figure out how many haircuts she’ll need to do each month in order to break even on her business.

A haircut at Sally’s costs $50, with a variable fee of $5 per client every visit. Her fixed monthly expenses are $15,000 every month. The following is how she arrived at her BEP:

  • 333 units per month ($15,000 x ($50 x $5) = 333 units per month

Calculate Your BEP in Sales Dollars

Divide your monthly, quarterly, or annual fixed costs by the contribution margin to arrive at a net contribution margin. In the same way as before, your contribution margin is calculated by deducting your variable cost per unit from the sales price per unit and dividing the resulting total by the sales price per unit. Formula:

  • Fixed costs minus contribution margin equals the break-even threshold in sales dollars.


A landscaping company owned by Joe is attempting to find out how much money he has to generate in order to break even during the first quarter of their fiscal year. Each lawn care session with Joe costs $60 on average, with a variable fee of $10 each visit. His fixed expenditures for each quarter are $24,000. He began by calculating his contribution margin, which was as follows: After that, he estimated his BEP in sales as follows:

Benefits of a Break-Even Analysis

Break-even analysis is another useful tool to have on hand when preparing for unforeseen scenarios or when pitching your company strategy to potential investors, as previously mentioned. Knowing your BEP, on the other hand, has numerous additional advantages. Here are a few examples:

  • Better business decisions: Understanding your BEP can assist you in determining the advantages and disadvantages of various solutions and company concepts. Product or service launches that are well-informed: Calculate your BEP in order to anticipate when your company may expect to make a profit from a new service or product introduction. Profitable pricing: Make use of your BEP point to price your products and services in a fair and advantageous manner for your company. Reduced expenditure: Keeping your BEP in mind might assist you and your team in cutting back on needless or excess spending.

Are you prepared to begin your break-even analysis? With our BEP calculator, you can make it simple and painless. Keep up with our blog to receive more business tools and resources like this in your email, and don’t forget to subscribe to our mailing list. Janey Velasco is a model and actress.

Your Business Finances – Cost/Volume/Profit Analysis

A scan reveals that the Beta Company had a 34 percent contribution margin for the year under consideration. As a result, after deducting the expenditures that were directly connected to the sales, there were 34 cents left over to contribute toward paying for the direct costs and making a profit on each dollar of sales. You may create contribution format income statements using data from more than one year’s worth of profit and loss statements if you’re interested in studying the evolution of your contribution margins over time.

Here’s an illustration of a breakdown of Beta’s three primary product lines, as seen below: The fact that we’ve just showed the top half of the contribution format income statement quickly reveals that Product Line C is Beta’s most lucrative product line, despite the fact that Beta receives more sales revenue from Line B, is a significant point of differentiation.

Furthermore, the phrase implies that possibly the pricing for line A and line B items are too low.

Breakeven analysis

Once you have determined your variable costs as well as your overall fixed costs for the firm, you can calculate your breakeven point, which is the level of sales required to at least cover all of your operating expenses. The new breakeven point that you’d need to satisfy if you wanted to increase your fixed expenses may be be calculated using this method as well (for example, if you undertook a major expansion project or bought some new office equipment).

The breakeven point of your business may be calculated using the following formulas:

  • Sales Price per unit minus Variable Costs per unit equals Contribution Margin per unit
  • Contribution Margin per unit divided by Sales Price per unit is Contribution Margin Ratio
  • Contribution Margin Ratio divided by Sales Price per unit equals Contribution Margin Ratio A company’s breakeven sales volume is equal to the sum of its fixed costs divided by the company’s contribution margin ratio.

Variable costs per unit divided by sales price per unit equals contribution margin per unit; contribution margin per unit divided by sales price per unit equals contribution margin ratio; sales price per unit divided by variable costs per unit equals contribution margin ratio; sales price per unit divided by variable costs per unit equals contribution margin ratio A company’s breakeven sales volume is equal to the sum of its fixed costs divided by the ratio of its contribution margin.

Breakeven analysis and costs, sales volume and pricing

Having calculated your breakeven point, you may use it to investigate the consequences of raising or lowering the importance of fixed expenses in your operational structure. This may be explained by the high rise in profits that resulted from relatively slight increases in sales beyond the breakeven point, as well as the significant increase in losses that resulted from minor decreases in sales below the breakeven point. In business, “operating leverage” refers to the extent to which a company employs fixed expenses in its operations (as opposed to variable costs) to maximize profits.

  1. However, when sales fall, the greater the use of operating leverage (fixed costs, which are often associated with fixed assets).
  2. When sales volume is low, however, losses compound, and it may become impossible to meet your fixed expenditures, such as payments for plant and equipment, if you do not increase sales volume.
  3. A firm is frequently faced with the decision of whether to invest in a high level of fixed assets or a low level of fixed assets.
  4. If labor is not replaced by machinery, fixed costs are kept low, while variable costs are raised to a greater extent.
  5. Example Joe’s Carpentry Shop has $28,000 in fixed costs and $.60 in variable costs per unit of production (bird call) or sales.
  6. It makes $1.00 each bird call sold, which is the company’s income.
  7. Joe’s breakeven point is the same as Lillian’s Bakery’s breakeven threshold in the preceding example: $28,000/$.40 = 70,000 units of product.
  8. Sales of less than 70,000 bird calls result in a net loss for the company.
  9. When sales go below the break-even point, similar losses ensue.
  10. In the second example, we can see that Lillian’s Bakery will benefit more from increased sales than Joe’s Carpentry Shop.
  11. Increased investments in fixed assets have a positive impact on variable costs, but have a negative impact on fixed costs, according to breakeven analysis.

Consider the extent to which sales expansion is a feasible possibility as well. As you surpass your ideal levels of production, more volume may result in price weakness or higher-than-expected expenses as a result of the increased volume.

A Quick Guide to Breakeven Analysis

Because we live in an era dominated by Excel spreadsheets and Internet technologies, we take a great deal of computation for granted. Consider the breakeven analysis. It’s most likely something you’ve heard of. Perhaps you’ve heard the phrase or spoken something like, “At what point do we break even?” However, because you may not be completely familiar with the mathematics — and because mastering the formula will only enhance your comprehension of the notion — let’s take a deeper look at how the concept actually works in practice.

Pricing is important.

Setting a price is, of course, a difficult task, but breakeven analysis can aid in the process.

Typically, you’re attempting to find the Break-Even Volume (BEV).

Consider the following scenario: she must spend a fixed cost of $25,500 in order to manufacture and sell a kite.

These expenses are constant since they will not fluctuate in response to the quantity of kites sold over the year.

To construct a single kite, the variable costs per unit of production are $50 ($20 in materials and $30 in labor).

The $25 unit margin she will earn for each kite sold will allow her to pay her $25,500 in fixed expenditures if she sells the following number of kites: With the interactive graphic below, you may enter each figure and view the output on the right as a result of your input.

Then make sure the actual output is set to 0.

The Breakeven Volume is 1,020 units, as can be seen on the right-hand side of the chart.

If she sells fewer than 1,020 units, she will experience a financial loss.

That is the point at which the business is profitable.

You may now use the interactive graphic to create a variety of instructive “what if” situations that will be displayed on the screen.

Assume our kite manufacturer is concerned about the present demand for kites and her company’s marketing skills, and she is concerned about her capacity to sell 1,020 units at a price of $75 per unit.

Breakeven sales would decrease to 638 units if the Revenue per Unit Sold slider was moved to $100, as seen in the interactive graphic (moved to $100).

Is it possible to make an investment while simultaneously increasing the fixed costs?

Consider the option of maintaining the kite’s price at $75 but having a celebrity endorse it (imagine Mary Poppins!) for a charge of $21,000, as an example.

Poppins) or more.

To put it another way, if the recommendation resulted in an increase in sales of 820 kites units, the endorsement would be profitable.

What happens if we alter the variable cost of manufacturing a good?

Consider the possibility that our kite maker may switch from utilizing a low-end $6 fabric for the kite to a higher-end $16 fabric, so raising the variable cost of the kite from $50 to $60 and lowering the unit margin from $25 to $15, as shown in Figure 1.

The variable cost slider should be set to $60 (with the fixed cost slider set at the original $25,500 — our kite maker can’t afford to have good fabric AND see Mary Poppins, after all).

The revenue, costs, and output of the interactive illustration may all be adjusted by using the sliders.

By adjusting the sliders, you can observe what occurs when the output exceeds or goes below the breakeven volume, respectively.

Although you are unlikely to be a kite maker or to have a celebrity endorsement from Mary Poppins, you may use breakeven analysis to determine how the many inputs into your product — income, costs, and output sold — affect the profitability of your company.

No. 8203, by Robert J. Dolan and John T. Gourville, which is part of Harvard Business Publishing’s Core Curriculum in Marketing series. The Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation retains ownership of the copyright and reserves all rights.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *